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Kiev used National Guard of Ukraine to terrify Mariupol residents on the Holy Victory Day (Video)
Currently, Kiev administration is conducting a military operation in the South-East regions of Ukraine. We illustrate with video how the military operation is developing. We shall also analyze to what point the use of the army under circumstances such as these complies with the International Law.

International humanitarian law (IHL) comprises a set of rules, established by treaty or custom, applicable in situations of armed conflict. Direct Link to IHL:

The two main treaty sources of IHL are the Hague Convention (1907), setting out restrictions on the means and methods of warfare, and the four Geneva Conventions (GCs) (1949), providing protection to certain categories of vulnerable persons. The Fourth Geneva Convention is particularly relevant to humanitarian protection and assistance. It was established to prevent in future conflicts the scale of civilian suffering experienced during the two World Wars. In particular, the Convention bans direct attacks against civilians.

“A civilian is defined as “any person not belonging to the armed force”, including non-nationals and refugees”

# One of the International Humanitarian law provisions is the principle of distinction protects civilian persons and civilian objects from the effects of military operations. It requires parties to an armed conflict to distinguish at all times and under all circumstances between combatants and military objectives on the one hand and civilians and civilian objects on the other – and to only target the former (ICRC, 2005b, vol. 1). Another fundamental IHL principle of humane treatment requires that civilians are treated humanely at all times (GCIV, Art 27).

The video below clearly shows heavily armed troops sent by the Kiev coalition turning their weapons against civilians. Mariupol residents were outraged by the killing, but the only thing they could counter with was chanting: “Fascists! Go away! Why did you come here? Go back to Kiev!”

Video 1: May 9, Mariupol Ukrainian National Guard kills civilians

Video 2: May 9, Mariupol civilians get shot by Ukraine's National Guard

Video 3: Ukraine: Kiev forces open fire on civilians in Mariupol city centre

Video 4: Barricades built by the citizens of Mariupol to prevent further destruction of their city were very feeble barriers for the military vehicle: IFV drove right at people

“After tanks, armoured personnel carriers and heavily armed troops were unleashed on unarmed civilians in the city,
the Kiev regime claimed to have killed some 20 people. The Obama administration immediately blamed the violent repression on “pro-Russian separatists.”
read more: Mariupol Killings: US Backs Ukrainian Regime’s Reign of Terror

# Another established principles introduced in humanitarian law are the necessity and proportionality. Under International Humanitarian law, a belligerent can apply only the amount and kind of force necessary to defeat the enemy (AP I, Arts 35, 51(5)).
In Mariupol, the police chief, Valery Androschuk, ordered use of force [including live ammunition] against protesting citizens. Rank-and-file policemen told their police chief that they were unwilling to shoot at civilians. In response Androschuk pulled out his gun and shot one of his subordinates, seriously wounding him. Then Androschuk barricaded himself in one of the offices in the building and called for the help of the National Guard (Natsgvardiya). Those arrived promptly and started the attack. The building of the local police was fired upon from heavy weapons. Read more: Ukraine Regime Police Shooting His Subordinates For Refusing to Kill Civilians

Video 5: Local policemen refuse to use their weapon against civilians; then National Guard shot the building of the local police with heavy weapons

Was the use of heavy weaponry justified in this case? Who gave the vile order to kill the local policemen? Had the National Guard right to use force against the police?

# The principle of non-discrimination is a core principle of International Humanitarian law. Adverse distinction based on race, nationality, religious belief or political opinion is prohibited in the treatment of prisoners of war (GCIII, Art 16), civilians (GCIV, Art 13, common Article 3) and persons hors de combat(common Article 3). All protected persons shall be treated with the same consideration by parties to the conflict, without distinction based on race, religion, sex or political opinion (common article 3, GCIV, Art 27). Each and every person affected by armed conflict is entitled to his/her fundamental rights and guarantees, without discrimination (API, Art 75(1)).

The military operation in Mariupol took place on May 9th, the Victory Day – the greatest holiday in post-Soviet states and many countries all over the world. It is the day of Liberation from National Socialism, this day marks the capitulation of Nazi Germany in the Second World War. Kiev administration attempted to cause outrage on this holy day. All day long, tanks were cruising by the roads and the military were scurrying over the city. Infantry combat vehicles would knock down billboards with the Victory Day greetings. What started as peaceful ceremonial processions and national celebrations ended up in gunfire and blood.

Video 6: May 9: road laws by Ukrainian army tank in Mariupol

Video 7: Lenin’s street in Mariupol after several tanks and infantry combat vehicle passed along

Video 8: A procession of people celebrating Victory Day shout “Shame!” and “Fascists!” to the solders who were hiding behind the doors of the local military base.

# Under the International Humanitarian law women and children are granted preferential treatment, respect and protection. Women must be protected from rape or any form of indecent assault. Children under the age of 18 must not be allowed to take part in hostilities (GCIV, Arts 24, 27; API, Arts 76-78; APII, Art 4(3)).

Video 9: Mariupol, May 9th, 2014: Boy, 12 was shot at twice when playing in the yard near his house. He is currently at the hospital in a heavy state.

On May 9th, 2014 in Mariupol, Kiev coalition committed a war crime. Would it be a great surprise to see how many citizens came on the May 11th to participate in referendum for federalization? They are unwilling to live under Kiev coalition. They want to form the People Republic of Donetsk! They don’t want to live under the ruling of the Kiev coalition, that so non-chalantly breaks the humanitarian law and forces people to abide its will through force

Video 10: May 11th, 2014: A long queue of the citizens to one of the Mariupol polling place. They want to participate in referendum. People shout: “Glory to Mariupol! Congratulatons! Long live the People’s Republic of Donetsk!”

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